The Walden Effect: Homesteading Year 5. Farming, simple living, permaculture, and invention.

Homestead Blog

Innovations:

Homesteading Tags

Recent Comments



Blog Archive

User Pages

Login

About Us

Submission guidelines

Store


Mixing minerals for the garden

Garden minerals

I did the first round of remineralization of our garden soil this week.  If you haven't been reading along, you can learn how I figured out how much of each mineral I needed here and here, and I also recommend checking out the book The Intelligent Gardener for more information on why we want to remineralize our soil.

Remineralization

After doing the math to calculate amounts, the next step was to come up with the minerals.  I could have asked our feed store to order 50 pound bags of each, saving about 50% per pound.  But we only needed 10 or 15 pounds of several different minerals, and you have to keep moisture out of some of the compounds during storage.  In our wet climate, I figured it made more sense to order smaller quantities online, and Alpha Chemicals seemed to be the cheapest choice for most.

As a side note, I'm 95% sure that even though 20 Mule Team Borax is marketed as a laundry additive, the box contains pure borax.  If my garden starts sudsing up, I'll let you know....

Weighing manganese

I used a scale and some mixing bowls to weigh out the quantities of the minerals I'm adding in small amounts --- manganse sulfate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, and borax.  Even though my soil analysis called for salt, my understanding of soil cations talked me into leaving the salt out this year.  Every part of our garden is getting gypsum to flush out excess cations, and sodium is the cation that clings least tenaciously to the soil particles.  My understanding of the chemistry says that if I add salt and gypsum at the same time, I'd be flushing my salt right out of the dirt.

Mixing garden minerals

Solomon recommends mixing all of the trace minerals together, then adding them to the items you use in bulk (like gypsum and lime).  I followed his lead on my first garden area, but I won't in the future.  Our gypsum came from the feed store pelletized, and the other minerals are powders, so the latter tend to sink to the bottom of the wheelbarrow no matter how carefully you mix them together.  Luckily, I spread sparingly, making three passes over the garden, so each garden spot probably got a relatively even helping of the trace minerals as well as the gypsum.  (There's no lime in this garden area, but I plan to mix the lime and gypsum together for areas that use both.)

Spreading garden minerals

I crunched the numbers to include spreading amendments on the aisles as well as on the beds.  I could have saved cash by only treating the latter, but I figure some vegetables probably spread their roots out beyond the bed boundaries, and we sometimes use grass clippings as mulch, so it's best to remineralize everything.

Each garden zone gets its individual prescription, and I've only treated the front garden so far.  I'll let you know how I change my technique as I hit the other areas in turn.  Meanwhile, I should tell you that we've already spent $169 on the trace minerals, and we'll be spending at least that much again on the gypsum and lime, so this isn't a cheap proposition.  If we can taste the results in the first year, though, it'll be worth it.

Our chicken waterer keeps chicks from drowning and consuming their own manure.


Want to be notified when new comments are posted on this page? Click on the RSS button after you add a comment to subscribe to the comment feed, or simply check the box beside "email replies to me" while writing your comment.


It looks like you broadcast by hand. Is there anyway to use a broadcast spreader or some other mechanical applicator for even application? I'm sure the pelletized parts could be used in a mechanical applicator, but wondering about the powders. Are you applying them to areas with plants under production? Do you think they might stick to leaves and plants and not make it to the soil?
Comment by Charity Wed Feb 6 08:47:36 2013

Charity --- I generally figure if I can do something by hand nearly as well, I'll do without equipment, but I'm sure we could have bought some kind of broadcaster at the local feed store. Some people recommend dissolving minerals used in very small amounts in water and spraying them on for even dispersal, which I was simply too lazy to do. :-)

I haven't gotten to the mule garden, which is where most things are growing right now, but I'll probably just spread minerals like I did on the sleeping garden. We get a lot of rain, so I suspect anything that sticks to leaves will soon end up in the soil, and I hope that any clumps that come about from my less-than-scientific broadcasting method will also wash through the soil in our frequent rains.

Comment by anna Wed Feb 6 10:43:32 2013
Thank you for this whole series! I was trying to find in your articles which test you got at Logan Labs? Just the standard? Thanks!
Comment by kathy Wed Feb 6 11:15:37 2013
Kathy --- I did just get the cheapest one, which is what Solomon recommended. That won't tell you levels of things like selenium, but just getting the major cations balanced should be enough to get you started!
Comment by anna Wed Feb 6 12:01:00 2013

Anna, most of your trace minerals (sulfates) are labeled as either harmful or irritating to the eyes and/or skin and dangerous to then aquatic environment. You shouldn't breathe the dust. Consider wearing gloves and safety glasses when mixing and spreading them.

Remember that the dose makes the poison, and you are handling these materials in their pure form instead of severely diluted.

Comment by Roland_Smith Wed Feb 6 18:09:31 2013
Roland --- Solomon didn't seem to think that any except the copper were dangerous, but I trust your reading of the MSDS more than his. :-) I guess I'll have to stop being lazy and track down appropriate gloves.
Comment by anna Wed Feb 6 18:29:43 2013

I would agree that copper(II)sulfate is probably the most dangerous of the bunch. Read the "Toxicological effects" section, and the linked MSDS. Don't swallow it, and wash your hands with water and soap after skin contact.

May cause burning pain in the mouth, esophagus, and stomach. Hemorrhagic gastritis, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, metallic taste, and diarrhea may occur.

Since it irritates the gastro-intestinal tract, you'll probably vomit it up if you swallow enough of it. But if that doesn't happen soon enough it can damage the liver or kidneys. Quantities in the order or grams can be fatal if swallowed.

Comment by Roland_Smith Thu Feb 7 01:14:06 2013

Anna,

What take away do you think I should get from all this soil information?

My "farm" consists of containers, and I have saved the soil from last year in large barrels. I am adding 15+ 18 Gallon earth boxes. I will need at least 50% more soil for the containers than I have on hand. Much of that volume will be added too with Coco coir and composted manure.

Before the freeze set in I added bokashi, brown compostables and nitrogen heavy ingredients the stored soil with the hope of improving the "used" soil. I should be able to continue that in a few weeks as the thawing starts. I also plan to mix these with good amounts of coco coir, composted manure, Azomite, glacial rock dust, bone meal, and potassium rich fertilizers, and more perlite. I will check the PH levels after that, and make adjustments as needed. Once the transplants take root, compost teas with EM-1 and water soluble foods will be my plan. [Oh, I have several comfrey plants and I will be doubling down on them this summer.]

Any thoughts or ideas on what I might want to review to be comfortable that I have a good plan?

Comment by Gerry Thu Feb 7 16:45:23 2013
Gerry --- I have to admit I mostly steer clear of containers because they're more work and usually require you to buy more fertilizers. That said, I have heard good things about From Container to Kitchen by D.J. Herda, so that might be a good place to start!
Comment by anna Thu Feb 7 17:57:44 2013