Holzer's easy mushroom cultivation
Holzer's book has a whole chapter on growing edible mushrooms, which
helped me realize that he was probably the one who came up with the
ideas of mushroom
totems and notching
logs for easy inoculation. He also has the
following helpful tips for the permaculture mushroom keeper:
- Inoculate most logs ASAP, but wait to inoculate stumps until they
stop resprouting. (I'll bet this is why neither of my stumps have
produced fruit --- the living tree probably killed off the invading
- Propagate most mushrooms by spawn,
but use spores with woodtufts and enoki. Just place ripe caps on
the end of moist, newly cut logs and the fungi will colonize
them. However, spore propagation takes much longer than
vegetative propagation, even among the mushroom species that handle the
- To plug inocolution holes quickly when you're out in the woods,
just stick in a twig of the right size and cut off the excess.
- When inoculating logs with
notches, cut more than half the diameter of the log, fill it with
spawn, and cover the wound with plastic sheeting or adhesive tape.
- Rather than sticking mushroom totems in the ground right away,
expedite colonization by pushing all of the logs together and covering
them with leaves and jute bags. Once fungi have grown through the
logs, you can sink them a third of the way in the ground in the
direction that the tree grew for low-work fruiting.
- Onion bags full of ripe mushrooms can be hung in trees to spread
spores throughout your woodland.
Although his mushroom
chapter is only twenty pages long, it's one of the best primers I've
seen for homesteaders who want to incorporate mushrooms into their
ecosystem in the easiest ways possible.
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